Clear aligners are a popular choice for those looking to straighten their teeth without the hassle of traditional braces. But can they cause permanent damage to your gums? The answer is often no, but there are some risks that come with using aligners that you should be aware of. Tooth demineralization and antimicrobial protection are two essential functions of saliva, and when using aligners, the plastic barrier prevents saliva from reaching the teeth and gums. This can increase the risk of periodontal disease if you're not careful.
However, it's incorrect to say that clear aligners can directly cause gum disease. Invisalign shares some of the same “disadvantages” as traditional braces, such as an increased risk of tooth decay and gum disease. While the risk is lower in Invisalign because the aligners are removable for excellent oral hygiene, food or bacteria trapped between the aligner and the teeth can still accelerate potential damage to the teeth and gums. Aligners that are used for a long period of time can seriously affect gum health and cause problems such as periodontitis and gingivitis.
A study conducted with aligners reported that aligners can cause tooth roots to weaken, which can cause slow resorption of dental roots for some time. The main mechanism through which clear aligners work is similar to dental appliances, in which the teeth move slowly over a period of time. Treatment with a clear aligner may be delayed if your orthodontist is concerned about the severity of your periodontal condition. Clear aligners or Invisalign are expected to cause mild gum bleeding and swelling within the first few days of use.
Liquids can easily penetrate through the aligners and remain on their surface for a longer period, which can cause discoloration of the aligners and even the teeth. If you notice any worsening symptoms when wearing your aligners, stop using them immediately. EverSmile offers a line of products aimed at giving you the best experience with your clear aligners. If your orthodontist notices a gum recession at your initial consultation, you'll want to resolve it before starting treatment with a clear aligner.To avoid any potential damage to your gums while using clear aligners, try these strategies: brush your teeth twice a day, floss daily, use mouthwash regularly, and avoid sugary snacks and drinks.
With these tips in mind, you'll be on your way to achieving that perfect smile in no time.